A Blog by Jonathan Low

 

Oct 19, 2018

What Is Causing the Dramatic Slowdown In Global Internet Access Growth?

Poor countries with large populations in Africa, Asia and Latin America are expensive to hook up because they offer fewer and less profitable opportunities to earn back the upfront cost of connecting them.

But since most people who can afford to connect have done so, the decline in connectivity growth has significant implications for internet, advertising and media companies as well as global economic growth. JL


Ian Sample reports in The Guardian:

Many of those offline are in areas that are difficult, and therefore costly, to hook up to the internet. The expense puts telecom providers off because the communities are those least able to afford the high prices they must charge to get a return on the investment. At the same time, the internet may have little appeal for people in the world’s most remote regions. Even if they can afford the mobile phone and data costs, they may lack the skills to go online, and find little of interest in a language they know if they do.“We need much cheaper connectivity and there has to be more work done on content to attract people.”
The growth of internet access around the world has slowed dramatically, according to new data, suggesting the digital revolution will remain a distant dream for billions of the poorest and most isolated people on the planet.
The striking trend, described in an unpublished report shared with the Guardian, shows the rate at which the world is getting online has fallen sharply since 2015, with women and the rural poor substantially excluded from education, business and other opportunities the internet can provide.
The slowdown is described in an analysis of UN data that will be published next month by the Web Foundation, an organisation set up by the inventor of the world wide web, Sir Tim Berners-Lee. The data shows that growth in global internet access dropped from 19% in 2007 to less than 6% last year.
“We underestimated the slowdown and the growth rate is now really worrying ,” said Dhanaraj Thakur, research director at the Web Foundation. “The problem with having some people online and others not is that you increase the existing inequalities. If you’re not part of it, you tend to lose out.”
In 2014 the UN predicted that half the world would be online by 2017, but the slowdown means that line will not be crossed until May 2019, only months before the UN sustainable development goal of affordable internet access for all by 2020. The UN defines being online as having used the internet from any device in any location at least once in the past three months.
Had growth rates held steady near the 11% average for 2005 to 2017, more than half a billion extra people would now be online. Of the 3.8 billion who remain unconnected, an alarming proportion are women. In poor urban areas, men can outnumber women on the internet as much as two to one.
Beyond missing out on economic opportunities, people who are unconnected are cut off from online public debates, education, social groups and the means to access digital government services such as filing taxes and applying for ID cards. “As our daily lives become increasingly digital, these offline populations will continue to be pushed farther to the margins of society,” the report states.

Malcolm Johnson, deputy secretary general of the UN’s International Telecommunication Union, said 2018 data to be released in December is expected to show the slowdown continuing. “Something different has to happen to change the trend,” he said. “We need much cheaper connectivity and there has to be more work done on content to attract people.”
A number of studies have found evidence that internet access drives economic growth. A 2012 report from the University of California, Berkeley, linked a 10% rise in broadband access to a 1.35% increase in GDP in developing countries. A Deloitte report the same year claimed that a doubling in mobile data use boosted GDP per capita by half a percentage point.
Other benefits appear to be borne out on the ground. An October survey by the Pew Research Center in Washington DC found that the public in six sub-Saharan countries saw widespread advantages in being online. Across Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa and Tanzania, 79% felt that increasing internet access improved education, and more than half believed it benefited the economy, politics and even personal relationships. There was less agreement on morality: only 45% believed internet access had a positive impact.
Many of those offline are in areas that are difficult, and therefore costly, to hook up to the internet. The expense puts telecoms providers off because the communities are those least able to afford the high prices they must charge to get a return on the investment. At the same time, the internet may have little appeal for people in the world’s most remote regions. Even if they can afford the mobile phone and data costs, they may lack the skills to go online, and find little of interest in a language they know if they do.
“It’s not just about connectivity,” said Johnson. “You have to make it worthwhile for people to pay to connect. There has to be content they can understand and is of benefit to them.” He said efforts to provide internet access through new satellite constellations or high-altitude balloons could make a “huge difference”.
The persistent wage gap between men and women plays a large part in the digital gender divide but is far from the only factor. “Women are more likely to be left out because of economic inequalities and to a great extent social norms,” said Nanjira Sambuli, who leads the Web Foundation’s efforts to promote equal access to the web. “In some communities the whole idea of women owning anything of their own, even a mobile phone, is frowned upon.”
She added: “It’s a stark reminder that technology is not a silver bullet that is going to solve inequalities that exist and have continued to exist because of real factors that need to be addressed. These are challenges that have been kicked down the road.”

6 comments:

admin said...

https://budidayanews.blogspot.com/2011/05/hama-dan-penyakit-pada-tanaman-cabai.html?showComment=1540034399221#c1164738197200717640

Welcome to asetqq.vip, the Best and Most Trusted Indonesian Online Poker Site. AsQQQ provides 6 games that can be played in 1 User Id only. Online Poker, DominoQQ, Bandar Ceme, Capsa Susun, Live Poker, Ceme Keliling Games, using Indonesian real money
poker online

jdk88.id/ is the jadwal bola, first trusted online betting agent in Indonesia that provides live baccarat, roulette and sicbo online services. Giving customer satisfaction and serving better than others.
Always determined to be able to serve customers better. Trying to remain a Soccer Agent, Casino Agent, the best and most trusted Online Betting in Indonesia
Jadwal bola

Onekartu is a trusted online poker agent Site. Original Money Poker uses IDNPlay servers that are 100% proven trusted and fairplay. Deposit and Withdraw Process in Crotqq start from 10 thousand rupiah and with fast and safe process. Customer Service Crotqq is available 24 hours to help you if you are having problems. onekartu.net is always trying to become a trusted online poker agent for those of you who want a Fairplay Poker game.

poker uang asli

happydomino is also the best and trusted Online Domino Poker site in Indonesia which has been proven by reputation and gained the trust of International Online gambling. Both the review of reputable poker sites and the quality of the games we provide do not need to be doubted. By providing the best service and providing assistance that is not complicated and we will provide an explanation that is as easy as possible so that you can easily understand it. We also provide playing tips and tricks so you can easily win in the best online gambling agent games in Indonesia. happydomino is guaranteed to be the fair play 100% online gambling site. There are no Robots in pure games Member vs Member. Our site is also equipped with the most sophisticated security system that is always updated on online gambling issues.

poker online

POKERSEJATI is a Poker site We provide interesting online game variants. You can access all of these games practically using just one account.

situs poker

admin said...

dompetpoker.online is a card game that shares betting rules and is usually (but not always) in hand ranking. The Poker Online game is different in terms of how cards are shared. In the most modern Poker Games, the first round of betting starts with several forms. Type of card arrangement in Online Poker.

poker online

Choosing an online casino agent is essential if people want to work on online gambling. http://www.dompetcasino.club/ to make the play scene should really be done so that the smoothness in playing gambling can be enjoyed gambling agency sites online casino agency page can also be done with a system of observing recommendations and recommendations from more experienced players.
judi online

admin said...

Search engine optimization (SEO) or Indonesian SEO is the process of influencing the visibility of websites or web pages in search engine results - often referred to as "natural", "organic" or "earned" results. In general, the earlier (or rank higher on search results pages), and more often sites appear in the list of search results, the more visitors will receive from search engine users, and these visitors can be converted to customers.

SEO can target various types of searches, including image search, local search, video search, academic search, news search and industry-specific vertical search engines.

Indonesian SEO

Specialist SEO.com is an Indonesian SEO Service launched in 2011 when search engines were in the early stages of developing their algorithms, Google was a big company that was very promising. Search engine optimization (SEO) has a completely different meaning. Since then many things have changed and internet marketing has become a necessity for every company that wants to survive in the online world competitively.

Specialist SEO Indonesia SEO Services deal with Web Marketing technology from the start. After hours of research and development, trial and error, we can now offer the most reliable solutions in the world of Digital Marketing.

Indonesian SEO Service

You can chat, video call, phone, view photos, have fun, and even meet!
online datingsite, online dating indonesia, free online dating, best online dating site free, online dating app, online dating terbaik, dating online chat, situs online dating, free dating sites without payment, dating online with video call, dating, meet me, meet, people nearby, soulmate, heart, online dating apps, free online dating, video call, audio chat, find your partner, setipe, skout, flurv, bigo live, Tinder, OkCupid, Hookup, BeeTalk
online dating site

cheipzs 64 said...

ฟินกันให้สุด ๆ กับโปรโมชั่นโบนัสเงินฝากรายวัน E-SPORTS 10% จ่ายโบนัสสูงสุดถึง 2,500 บาท ฝากทุกวัน รวยทุกวัน บาคาร่า สล็อตออนไลน์ เกมส์สล็อต
สมัครเลย >>> satu88 <<<

Post a Comment